For centuries, the Japanese have known how to enjoy magnificent gardens to include water features. Today, westerners have found that they too can enjoy the peace and tranquility of a Japanese garden, simply by adding a fountain. Although a true Japanese garden would be magnificent, for most people, this is simply not practical. However, adding something like a Japanese fountain basin will make a huge difference in your backyard or patio.

When placing your Japanese fountain basin, there are no real hard rules to follow. With this, you can choose the location, along with style that suits your personal preference. For example, you might go with a stone basin, also called Chozubachi, which actually originated in ancient temples and shrines. With this, people coming to worship used the fountain basin to wash their hands before entering the sacred structure.

These Japanese fountain basins were generally 16 inches tall or more. However, tea masters of Japan started using these same types of fountains, although they redesigned the bowls to just 12 inches or shorter, called Tsukubai, or crouching bowl. The purpose of this basin was to humble guests while creating the right state of mind before people joined the tea ceremony.

Today, you can set up a Japanese fountain basin in your own yard for pure enjoyment. Typically in Japan, the fountains are fed fresh water that comes down a bamboo tube and then into the basin. From there, the overflow goes into a hidden reservoir, containing a drainpipe. When choosing your garden fountain, you will find many excellent designs on the market the mimic this same ancient type.

However, you might also be interested in one of the smaller crouching type basins, which is also a traditional Japanese style that is designed with a bamboo t-bar. With this, the reservoir of the water can be seen around the basin, therefore, not hidden. While these are harder to find, they can add a beautiful addition to a garden with a delicate reflection of the water around the base of the fountain. Because of this low design, you will often find wild animals and birds come to drink.

Now, when setting up your Japanese fountain basin, there are some that are all-inclusive so all you do is hook up the water and electricity and the fountain is done. However, if you want a traditional style fountain, then we recommend you consider the first option, the Tsukubai. The basin of this design is set just slightly so the water can run over the front part of the basin, flowing gently into the hidden reservoir. For this Japanese fountain, you only need a basin without a hole, a variable rate pump, and two pieces of rebar, mesh grate, gravel, a reservoir liner, and then the bamboo fountain spout.

For the self-contained fountain, the basin is typically set up so the water does not overflow into the basin below, although the fountain has a reservoir. The benefit of this particular fountain is that the pump is hidden within the reservoir, holding a larger amount of water. Because of this, you do not have to top the fountain off with water as often. The equipment for this Japanese fountain basin includes the basin with a hole, a variable rate pump, bricks or cinder blocks, two pieces of rebar, ravel, a mesh liner, and finally, the bamboo fountain.


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